Phosphorous is considered as essential constituent of human bones. It is important nutrient for the normal functioning of body. It makes about 1% of our total body weight. It is found in the every cell of our body and plays an important role in the body functions. It supports the body to uitilise fats, proteins and carbohydrates for repair and maintenance of cells. Being a part of nucleoproteins, it regulates cell division and thus important in reproduction. Phosphorus when available in the form of phospholipids helps in the breakdown of fats and fatty acids so that body is not too acidic neither too alkaline. Phosphorus is the second most abundant mineral in human body which assists the calcium for integrity and good bone health. Besides providing strength to bones and teeth, phosphorus offers the other health benefits too like normal functioning of kidney, brain, heart and blood.
Major food sources of phosphorous are protein rich food like milk, yogurt and soya foods. Shell fish, pork, cod, salmon and tuna also have the significant amount of phosphorous. Whole grains and cereal contain the good amount of phosphors than cereal or bread which are made from refined flour. Vegetables like beans, broccoli, potatoes, peas and lentils also have good amount of phosphorus.
Elevated levels of phosphate in blood are called as hyperphosphatemia. Due to the accumulation of phosphorous in blood there is muscle weakness, joint and muscle pains. People with increased phosphorus levels may experience itching and redness of eyes. Other complications associated with the high phosphorus levels are nausea constipation, vomiting and diarrhea.
Low phosphorous levels in the blood are called as hyphophosphatemia. Due to this there is fall in energy levels in our body which results in fatigue, muscle weakness, weak bones, muscles and joint pains. Deficiency of phosphorus may lead to the anorexia, obesity, physical and mental exhaustion. It may also lead to nervous system disorders, arthritis, tooth decay and rickets.