Common cold is the medical condition, which gives rise to discomfort and the patient feels very sick. It is commonly seen in individuals of various ages, genders and occupation quite frequently. The major cause of common cold is exposure to the seasonal variation in the climatic condition. It occurs, when the body gets exposed to harmful pollutants and cold virus. Heredity is also important while understanding the reason of common cold. It is characterized by headache, running nose, watery eyes, cough, fever, blocked nose and sore throat. There is currently no cure for a cold but there are several home remedies that may reduce symptoms. Symptoms of a cold include a sore throat, nasal congestion, coughing and aches and pains. Fortunately, most home remedies do not have any side effects, so even if they only offer limited help, they will not do any harm.
Honey has a variety of antibacterial and antimicrobial properties. Drinking honey in tea with lemon can ease sore throat pain. Research suggests that honey is an effective cough suppressant, too. In one study, researchers found that giving children 10 grams of honey at bedtime reduced the severity of their cough symptoms. The children reportedly slept more soundly, which also helps reduce cold symptoms.
Native Americans have used the herb and root of the echinacea plant to treat infections for more than 400 years. Its active ingredients include flavonoids, chemicals that have many therapeutic effects on the body. For example, flavonoids can boost your immune system and reduce inflammation.
Blocked sinuses and congested airways are common symptoms of a cold, which menthol can help relieve. Menthol comes from many types of mint plant. It has antibacterial and pain-relieving effects and is an ingredient in many vapor rubs.
People can also add menthol to hot water for a steam inhalation. Although a 2013 study found that menthol inhalation helped reduce coughing due to environmental irritants, there is limited research on its effectiveness in clearing congested airways.
Oregano contains thymol and carvacrol, which both have antibacterial effects. People traditionally use essential oils containing thymol to relieve headaches, diarrhea, and coughs.
People may find that taking oregano oil or rubbing it on the chest helps relieve cold symptoms.