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Bhallataka, Marking Nut (SemecarpusAnacardium)


It is medium to large sized deciduous tree with grey bark exfoliating in small irregular flakes, 15-25mt in height and closely related to cashew. Leaves are simple alternate, oblong, rounded at apex glabrous above and pubescent beneath. Flowers appear in panicles greenish white in color appears in May and June. Nut of this plant is smooth, ovoid, lustrous black about 2.5cm long. Fruits ripen from December to March. Seeds inside the black fruit is called godambi, is edible when prepared properly. Fruits of this tree are also used for dye.

General Information

Bhallataka, geerubeeja and marking nut is common name of Semecarpusanacardium. Washer men used this herb to mark clothes before washing. This versatile herb is used in ayurvedic system to cure various diseases by pacifying kaphadosha in human body. Red-orange part of Bhallataka fruit is collected, sun dried and used for medicinal purpose. This herb is considered good for both male and female reproductive system. Its nut contains various active compounds such as bioflavonoids, phenolic acid, bhilawanols, minerals, vitamins and amino acids. This herb is anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-microbial, anti-reproductive, CNS stimulant, hypoglycemic, anti-cancerous and hair growth promoter.

Special Note About SemecarpusAnacardium

Bhallatakashodhana - Bhallataka is highly toxic herb, direct exposure may cause boils on skin. Bhallataka purification (shodhana) is necessary to reduce the toxicity and hot potency of this herb. For this process ripe seeds are taken and put into water. Seeds which sink in water surface are taken for purification while others are discarded. Then seeds are cut into two pieces and immersed in brick powder. This dry brick absorb all the toxic oils from the seeds and make them usable for medicinal purposes.

Habitat

Semecarpusanacardium is moderate sized deciduous tree native to India easily found in outer Himalayas to Coromandel Coast. It is found in hotter parts of India up to 3500ft height. This plant is easily found in Assam, Bihar, Orissa, Chittagong, and Bengal. It is also found in western peninsula of East Archipelago and Northern Australia.

Classification

  • Kingdom - Plantae
  • Order - Sapindales
  • Family - Anacardiaceae

Names

  • Latin name - Semecarpusanacardium
  • Common name - Marking nut, Geeruveej, Dhobi nut tree, Indian nut tree
  • Sanskrit name - Angika, Agnimukh, Anala, Bhallataka, Arushkara
  • Hindi name - Belatak, Bela, Bhilava
  • Marathi name - Bhillava, Bhallataka, Bibba, Bibbu
  • Tamil name - Kalakam, Kavaka , Senkotai
  • Malayalam name - Alakcueer, Thennukota
  • Telugu name - Bhallatamu
  • Kannada name - Geru, Ger-kayi
  • Oriya name - Bhollataki
  • Urdu name - Baladur, Bhilavan
  • Gujarati name - Bhilama
  • Arabian name - Habvulkab
  • French name - AnacardierD'orient
  • Nepali name - Bhilai
  • Spanish name - Anacardo

Ayurvedic Properties

Hindi / Sanskrit

English

Rasa

Katu, Tikta, Kashaya

Taste

Pungent, Bitter, Astringent

Guna

Laghu, Tikshna, Snigdha

Physical Property

Light, Sharp, Uncutous

Virya

Ushna

Potency

Hot

Vipaka

Madhur

Metabolic Property (After Digestion)

Sweet

Effects On Doshas

There is not any type of kapha imbalance which cannot be cured by this herb.

CharakSamhita

SushrutSamhita and vagbhata

·         Deepaniya - Herbs which stimulate digestive fire.

·         Bhedniya - Herbs which induce mild purgation.

·         Shirovirechan - Herbs which are good for cleansing the head / Sinuses.

·         Kusthghna - Herbs which are used in skin disorders

·         Mutrasanghrehniya - Herbs used to increase volume of urine.

Nyagrodhadigana, Mustadigana

Ancient Verse About SemecarpusAnacardium

According to above mentioned shalokarushak, arushkar, agnik, agnimukhi, bhalli, veervariksh and shofkrit all are synonyms of Bhallataka. Ripe fruit is sweet in taste after digestion, has sweet and bitter rasa, and helps in digestion, unctuous, sharp with hot potency. It helps in the breakdown of feces and induce purgation, improves intelligence and promotes digestion. It helps to cure vata - kaphadosha, wound, ulcers, ascites, skin disorders, piles, mal absorption, gaseous distention, inflammation, bloating, fever and worm infestation. Seeds are sweet, aphrodisiac, nutritious, balances vata and pitta dosha. Fruit cap is sweet, pacify pitta dosha, stimulate digestive fire and very beneficial for hair growth.

Practical Uses Of SemecarpusAnacardium

  • It's a common saying about this herb that there is not any kaphadosha disorder that cannot be treated by this versatile herb.
  • This herb is appetizer and used to stimulate digestive system. It is good for improving digestion.
  • Bhallatak is purgative in nature and used to induce purgation. It is very good for relieving constipation, digestive disorders, abdominal distention, ascites, piles and various types of worm infestation.
  • The herb is best used to cure various skin related disorders such as skin rash, itching and swelling etc.
  • It also acts as brain tonic, useful in brain weakness and used to improve intelligence.
  • Bhallatak is a good expectorant and used to cure cough and asthma. Flowers of this plant are very beneficial for asthma.
  • It is used to treat various nerve related disorders caused by vatadosha like sciatica, epilepsy, facial paralysis etc.
  • Semecarpusanacardium is a cardiac stimulant, enhancer of white blood cells and used to cure cardiac debility.
  • Bhallataka is good for both male and female reproductive systems, in women it stimulates uterus due to its hot potency. In men it is used for improving sperm count and sexual power.

Doses

  • Oil - 1-2 drops
  • Awleha - ¼ - ½ tola
  • Kasheerpak - 1-2 tola