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Bakuchi (PsoraleaCorylifolia) - Properties, Benefits, Uses & Dosage


Plant is small, erect and annual herb growing up to 60-120cm high. Seeds of this plant is oblong, flat and brownish black in color. Seeds are kidney shaped with bitter taste and very unpleasant odor. This plant contains simple, rounded and mucronate leaves at apex. Flowers of this plant are yellow and bluish purple colored. Fruits are small about 5mm long and slightly compressed.

General Information

Bakuchi is an important herb used in the Indian medicine system from ancient times and still providing various herbal remedies to mankind. This plant is chemo-protective, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant and anti-microbial in nature. Most effective feature of this plant is that every part is useful because of its medicinal properties but seeds are most effective to cure various disorders. Seeds of this plant are anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, aphrodisiac, astringent, cardiac, cytotoxic, stimulant and diuretic in nature. It is kusthghan means leprosy destroyer. It is used to relieve various problems like leucoderma, skin rash and infections associated with skin. Plant also has blood purifying properties. Roots are used to cure various tooth disorders. Anti-microbial action of fruits is used to destroy disease causing microbes.

This herb contains various chemicals that may include isopsoralen, psoralen, bavachalcone, dehydriopsoralidin, methyl 4- hydroxybenzoate, psoralidin and corylin.

Habitat Of The Plant

Bakuchi is widely distributed in the tropical and subtropical regions throughout world. It is native of china and South Africa. In India this plant is easily available in the plains. Especially it is found in semi-arid regions of India like Rajasthan, eastern part of Punjab and Uttar Pradesh. It is also found throughout Himalayan regions.

Classification

  • Kingdom - Plantae
  • Order - Rosales
  • Family – Fabaceae

Names

  • Hindi name – Bakuchi
  • Sanskrit name – Bvalguja, Bakuchi, Chanderlekha, Chanderprabha, Kusthahantri, Sitavari, Somraji, Krishnaphala.
  • Latin name - Posraleacorylifolia
  • Punjabi name – Babchi
  • Gujarati name – Babacha, Babichi
  • Urdu name – Babechi
  • Assam name – Habucha
  • Kannada name – Bavanchi, Bavachige
  • Bengali name – Habchu
  • Tamil name – Karpokarishi, Karpokarlisi
  • Telugu name – Bavanchalu
  • Malayalam name – Karkokil, Kaurkolari
  • Oriya name – Bakuchi
  • Sinhala name – Bodi-ata
  • German name – Bawchan
  • Bangladesh name – Buckidana
  • Arabic name – Loelab- el abid, Mahalep
  • Sri Lanka – Ravoli
  • Chinese name – Ku-tzu, Cot-chu

Ayurvedic Properties

Hindi / Sanskrit

English

Rasa

Katu, Tikta

Taste

Pungent, Bitter

Guna

Laghu, Ruksha

Physical Property

Light, Dry

Virya

Ushna

Potency

Hot

Vipaka

Katu

Metabolic Property
(After Digestion)

Pungent

Effects On Doshas

It balances vata and kaphadosha.

CharakSamhita

SushrutSamhita

Chakradutta

Bhavprakash

Tiktasaknda - Herbs with bitter taste

Katuvarga - Herbs with pungent taste

Shwitr - Herbs used for shwitrroga

Haritkayadi - Herbs of haritaki group

Varieties Of Bakuchi

According to chikitsasathan in Shushrutsamhita, there are two types of bakuchi:-

  1. Shwetabakuchi
  2. Krishna bakuchi

Ancient Verse Of Bakuchi

According to this shalokavalguj, bakuchi, somraji, suparnika, shashilekha, krishanfala, soma, pootfali, kalmeshi and kusthghni are various synonyms of this herb. It is sweet and bitter in taste, pungent after digestion, aphrodisiac, relieves constipation and it has cold potency. It is appetizer and used to cure diarrhea, kapharoga and bleeding disorders. It has dry properties and used to cure heart disorders, asthma, leprosy, diabetes, fever and worm infestation. Seeds are used to pacify kapha and vatadosha and have bitter taste. Seeds are beneficial for hair and skin and also used in various disorders like worm infestation, asthma, cough, inflammation, indigestion and anemia.

Practical Uses Of PosraleaCorylifolia

  • One of the amazing fact about this herb is that whole plant is used in medicine system for its medicinal properties. Common name of this herb is kusthghan, it is best ancient remedy used for kusthroga and leucoderma.
  • This plant is natural blood purifier. It is used to boost immune system and process of detoxification of blood.
  • It has anti-cancerous, anti-inflammatory, anti-depressant and anti-hyperglycemic properties.
  • Seeds of this plant are diuretic, laxative and also used to cure poisoning by scorpion and snake bites.
  • It is good to cure dyspnoea, asthma, bronchitis and various disorders associated with respiratory tract.
  • It is used to relieve indigestion and also used to cure worm infestation.
  • Seeds of this plant are used to cure various skin disorders.
  • Fruits of this herb are bitter in taste and used to stop vomiting.
  • Seeds of this herb are also used in tooth and bone decalcification.
  • Fruits are used to cure anemia, piles and various bleeding disorders.
  • It improves hair growth and useful in wound and ulcer healing.
  • It is anti-ageing and help to rejuvenate skin.
  • It is used to improve quality and luster of hair.
  • It is also a cardiac tonic and used to cure various problems associated with cardiac system.
  • It improves taste and used to cure anorexia.
  • It pacifies vata and kaphadosha.

Caution

Oil of this herb is very strong and excess use of this oil may cause skin discoloration.

Part Used

  • Seeds
  • Fruits
  • Leaves
  • Roots
  • Flowers

Dosage

  • Seed powder – 1-3gm
  • Oil – 3-4 drops