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Arjuna (Terminalia Arjuna) - Properties, Benefits, Uses & Dosage


The arjuna was introduced into siddha by saint Agastiyar through his prose Gunavakatam and in Ayurveda as a treatment for heart disease by Vagbhata (c. 7th century CE). It is traditionally prepared as a milk decoction. In the Ashtanga Hridayam but was also mentioned in many ancient Indian vedas, and was a known practice for thousands of years, passed down by tradition, before vagbhata mentioned it in his writings. Vagbhata mentions arjuna in the treatment of wounds, hemorrhages and ulcers, applied topically as a powder. The Arjuna plant (lat. Terminalia arjuna) has traditionally been used to treat heart disease for centuries, which is why it got the nickname “Guardian of the heart.” The hero of the famous epic “Mahabharata”, was named after this tree because of its protective effects.

Active Ingredients of Arjuna Capsule

The active Ingredients of Arjuna extracts are

  1.   Triterpenoids
  2.   ß-sitosterol
  3.   Flavonoids
  4.   Glycosides.

Triterpenoids and Flavonoids are considered to be responsible for its beneficial antioxidant cardiovascular properties. The drug has shown promising effect on ischemic cardiomyopathy(Less blood flow in Heart). So far, no serious side effects have been reported with arjuna therapy. Though it has been found quite useful in angina pectoris (Needle Piercing like pain) , mild hypertension, and dyslipidemia(Cholesterol Imbalance).

ß-sitosterol : It is an anti-hyperlipidemic agent and helps to reduce the bad cholesterol in the blood circulatory system.

Glycosides: Glycosides are widely used in cardiac problems like cardiac arrhythmia, congestive heart failure and coronary heart disease very effectively.

Different Names

  •   English Name: White Marudah, Arjun Tree
  •   Botanical Name: Terminalia Arjuna
  •   Marathi: Sadura, Arjuna, Arjun Sadada
  •   Hindi: Arjuna, Arjun, Arjan,Koha, Kahu
  •   Sanskrit: Dhanvi, Arjuna, Indradruma, Kakubha, Pandava, Phalguna, Karvirak.

Characteristics of Arjuna

  •   Trees can be 25 meter of height
  •   Grey and Smooth Bark
  •   Sub-opposite leaves with different characteristics like oblong or elliptic oblong, glabrous, often inequilateral, margin often crenulate, apex obtuse or sub-acute
  • base rounded or sometimes cordate. It's size measures 5–14 × 2–4.5 cm.
  •   0.5–1.2cm Petioles
  •   Two Glands with small and white flowers
  •   2.3–3.5 cm long fruits, fibrous woody, glabrous with 5 hard wings, striated with numerous curved veins. Flowering time April–July in Indian conditions. Seeds hard germination 50–76 days (50–60%)

Classification of Arjuna

  •   Kingdom : Plantae
  •   Division : Magnoliophyta
  •   Class : Magnoliopsida
  •   Order : Myrtales
  •   Family : Combretaceae
  •   Genus : Terminalia
  •   Species: T. arjuna
  •   Zoological name : Terminalia arjuna

Habitat of Terminalia Arjuna

Terminalia Arjuna is a deciduous tree (about 60-70 feet height), is abundantly found in India and Ceylon, also in Myanmar and Sri Lanka.

Uses & Effectiveness

  •   Dyslipidemia: One capsules twice daily.
  •   Cardiac Arrhythmia: One Capsule twice daily.
  •   Low Blood Pressure: Anjuna Capsules should be taken with lukewarm milk.
  •   Spermatorrhoea (Involuntary Ejaculation): According to Shushurt Sanghita arjuna should be taken with Swet Chandan paste.
  •   Blood Dysentery: Arjuna should be taken with Goat Milk.
  •   Blemish(Black mark on the Face): Open the capsules, mix the Arjuna dust with honey and apply it on the black mark.

Dosage

One capsules twice Daily.

Contraindications

Not any.

Side Effects & Safety

Terminalia arjuna is POSSIBLY SAFE when taken by mouth for 3 months or less. But don't use Terminalia arjuna without consult to your doctor. It might affect your heart.

Ayurvedic Properties of Arjuna

Hindi Sanskrit English
Rasa Kashaya Taste Astringent, bitter
Virya Sheet Action Cooling
Vipaka Katu Post-digestive effect Pungent
Guna Laghu Quality Light, dry
Dhatu Tridant Tissue Plasma, blood, bone, reproductive
Srota Srota Channel Circulatory, reproductive

Precaution & Warnings

Bibhitika/Bahera should be avoided while the patient use Arjuna. Other precaution you need before taking Arjuna:

  •   Pregnancy: During Pregnancy, Terminalia arjuna should not be used. It's best to avoid using any terminalia species.
  •   Breast-feeding: If you are breast-feeding, it's best to stay away from Arjuna.
  •   Diabetes: Terminalia might lower blood sugar levels. Your diabetes medications might need to be adjusted by your doctor.
  •   Surgery: Terminalia might lower blood sugar and interfere with blood sugar control during surgery.If you going for a scheduled surgery, you should stop taking terminalia before 2 weeks atleast.