Coronary artery disease forms by the reduction of blood supply to the heart muscle due to build-up of plaque like cholesterol and fatty deposits on the inner walls of the arteries.These plaque can block blood flow to the heart muscle by causing abnormal artery tone and function. Without an adequate blood supply, the heart cannot work properly. This can cause chest pain, shortness of breath, or other coronary artery disease signs and symptoms. A complete blockage of blood supply can cause a heart attack.
It is the most common of the cardiovascular diseases, affecting approximately 16.5 million people worldwide over the age of 20. It’s also one of the leading cause of sudden death for both men and women. It’s estimated that every 40 seconds, someone has a heart attack.
This disease can affect people of any age and can occur at any point of life. This disease can be congenital and another reason can be the changed lifestyle and eating habits. The most common cause of the coronary artery disease is atherosclerosis.
Atherosclerosis is the most common cause of CAD which occurs due to cholesterol plaque buildup in the arteries. This can damage the blood flow to the heart. The damage may be caused by various factors, including:
There are rare causes of damage or blockage to a coronary artery that can also limit blood flow to the heart. These causes, which are typically related to atherosclerosis, are:
There are many risk factors related to coronary heart disease. Some of these risk factors can be controlled through lifestyle changes and/or medications, while others cannot. Controllable factors include:
When your blood flow to the heart damaged or broken, you may experience a variety of symptoms. Such as:
The same lifestyle habits that can help treat coronary artery disease can also help prevent it from developing in the first place. Leading a healthy lifestyle can help keep your arteries strong and clear of plaque. To improve your heart health, you can:
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