The common cold, also refer as cold is a self-limited contagious infection of your nose and throat. It's usually harmless, although it might not feel that way. Many types of viruses can cause a common cold. The common cold is medically referred to as a viral upper respiratory tract infection. Sore throat, sinuses, and larynx are usually the first signs of a cold, followed by coughing and sneezing.
For children younger than 6, Common cold is one of the leading reason of doctor visits and absent from school.
Although more than 200 different viruses can cause a common cold, rhinoviruses are the most common culprit. Other cold-causing viruses may include:
A cold virus enters your body through your mouth, eyes or nose. The virus can spread through droplets in the air when someone who is sick coughs, sneezes or talks.
It also spreads by hand-to-hand contact with someone who has a cold or by sharing contaminated objects, such as utensils, towels, toys or telephones. If you touch your eyes, nose or mouth after such contact or exposure, you're likely to catch a cold.
Generally Symptoms of a common cold take a few days to appear. Signs and symptoms, which can vary from person to person, might include:
Following factors can increase your chances of getting a cold:
As common cold is a result of many viruses, it is difficult to develop a vaccine.However, there are some precautions to help you avoid the common cold virus. As follows:
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