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Diet Plan for Patients of Anal Fistula

Anal Fistula or Abscess is a chronic abnormal communication that connects an abscess, an infected cavity in the anus, to an opening on the skin around the anus.90% of abscesses are the result of an acute infection in the internal glands of the anus. The anus is the external opening through which feces are expelled from the body. Just inside the anus are a number of small glands that make mucus. Occasionally, these glands get clogged and can become infected, leading to an abscess. About half of these abscesses may develop into a fistula.

Anal fistulae do not generally harm, but can be very painful, and can be irritating because of the drainage of pus. Additionally, recurrent abscesses may lead to significant short term morbidity from pain and, importantly, create a starting point for systemic infection.

Food products to be avoided

Food products to be consumed

Fruits

Fruits

· Orange.

· Mango.

· Guava.

· Lemon.

· Apple

· Banana

· Papaya

· Peach

· Pear

· Grapes

· Blueberries

· Figs

· Avocado

Vegetables

Vegetables

 

· Garlic

· Ginger

· Brinjal

· Ladyfinger

· Taro roots

· Elephant yam

· Bottle gourd

· Bitter gourd

· Ridge gourd

· Carrot

· Broccoli

· Cabbage

· Cauliflower

· Spinach

· Fenugreek

· Pumpkin

· Beetroot

Grains

Grains

· White rice

· White bread

· Refined flour

· Wheat

· Brown rice

· Whole grains

· Corn

Dairy Product

Dairy Product

· High-fat milk

· Cheese

· Butter

· Mayonnaise

· Cow’s milk

· Cow’s ghee

· Curd

· Yogurt

· Buttermilk

Spices

Spices

· Red chili

· Excessive salt

· Cumin

· Coriander

· Fennel

· Carom

· Fenugreek

· Turmeric

· Black pepper

Oils

Oils

· Refined vegetable oil

· Sesame oil

· Olive oil

· Coconut oil

· Mustard oil

· Sunflower oil

Beverage

Beverage

· Tea

· Coffee

· Alcohol

· Cold drinks

· Carbonated drinks

· Green tea

· Herbal tea

· Coconut water

· Fresh juices

· Pomegranate juice

·Carrot juice

Conclusion

It is advised for patients with fistula to follow a fibre rich and protein rich diet with adequate intake of fluids. Besides water, they can consider other liquid products such as fruit juices, soups, broths etc., in order to maintain soft stools. Adding an extra amount of fat in diet can ease bowel movements. Patients can consider consuming buttermilk with salt, or glasses of milk with clarified butter (ghee) for soften their bowel movement. It is important to follow a fistula diet to avoid excessive straining while defaecation. Excessive straining may worsen the condition and may lead to formation of ulcers and bleeding.