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Diet Plan for Patients of Adenomyosis

Adenomyosis is a condition very similar to endometriosis. However, instead of endometrial tissue developing outside of the uterus, adenomyosis manifests as abnormal tissue growth inside the muscular wall of the uterus. The abnormal growth thickens and hardens the uterus. The condition, due to the hyper-stimulation of endometrial cells during menstruation, causes painful bowel movements, bleeding in between periods, painful periods, severe cramping, chronic pelvic pain, and heavy bleeding. If the condition is left untreated, infertility may result.

What Foods To Consumed

To fight inflammation and pain caused by endometriosis, it’s best to consume a nutrient-dense, well-balanced diet that’s primarily plant-based and full of vitamins and minerals. Add these to your diet:

  •  Iron-rich foods, such as dark leafy greens, broccoli, beans, fortified grains, nuts, and seeds
  •  Foods rich in essential fatty acids, such as salmon, sardines, herring, trout, walnuts, chia, and flax seeds
  •  Fibrous foods, such as fruits, vegetables, legumes, and whole grains
  •  Antioxidant-rich foods found in colorful fruits and vegetables, such as oranges, berries, dark chocolate, spinach, and beets

What Foods To Avoid

Certain lifestyle choices can influence the progression of endometriosis and increase your risk of developing it. These choices can also have an effect on how painful or well-managed the disorder is.

Although further research needs to be done to fully correlate certain foods or lifestyle habits with the development or worsening of this condition, the following factors may negatively influence endometriosis:

  •  A diet high in trans fat. Research has found higher rates of endometriosis diagnoses among women who consume more trans fat. Trans fat is found predominately in fried, processed, and fast foods. Learn more about why trans fats are so unhealthy.
  •  Red meat consumption. Some research has shown an increased risk of endometriosis development with a high intake of red meat.
  •  Gluten. One study involving 207 women with endometriosis showed 75 percent of them had a decrease in pain after eliminating gluten from the diet.
  •  High-FODMAP foods. One study found symptoms significantly improved in those with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and endometriosis who followed a low-FODMAP diet.
  • Foods that can influence hormone regulation, particularly estrogen balance, can negatively affect those with endometriosis. In addition, avoid or limit foods that may promote inflammation in the body and lead to further pain or progression of the disorder. These foods include:

    •  alcohol
    •  caffeine
    •  gluten
    •  red meat
    •  saturated and trans fat

    Exercise and alternative therapies

    Exercise may help with the management of endometriosis, too. This is because exercise can reduce estrogen levels and release “feel-good” hormones.

    In addition to conventional methods of treatment, alternative treatments may be very helpful for women with endometriosis. For example, relaxation techniques may be beneficial. These can include:

    •  meditation
    •  yoga
    •  acupuncture
    •  massage


    More research is needed on how lifestyle changes may reduce endometriosis symptoms. Talk with your doctor and meet with a dietitian to find the best plan of action to manage your condition. Everyone’s body is different. A specific and tailored plan based on your individual needs will be best.