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Amrud, Guava (Psidium Guajava)

Guava is a common tropical fruit with its sweet and a slight astringent taste. It is round in shape with light green or yellow skin and edible seeds. It’s a fruit rich in nutrients. This fruit, with its benefits, fits in the category, often called “super-fruits.”Guava can be taken in different forms such as tea, juice, syrup, powder and capsule for medicinal purposes. Guava fruits are packed with powerful antioxidants, fiber, potassium and vitamin C which help improve energy levels. The tree is 20 – 30 ft tall. Leaves are 4- 7 inch long on small branches. Stem is sweet and flowers are small in size.

In ayurveda, Guava is known for tridosha nashaka and It's balances all the three Doshas: namely, Vata, Pitta & Kapha. It is hepatotonic and thus good for liver, digestive system, heart and intestine. Guava can also be eaten by diabetics and those suffering from kidney and liver related problems.

Active Ingredients of Guava

The active Ingredients of Guava are

  •   Dietary Fiber
  •   Protein
  •   Calcium
  •   Phosphorus
  •   Potassium
  •   Copper
  •   Iron
  •   Vitamin A
  •   Vitamin b1
  •   Vitamin C
  •   Vitamin b2
  •   Vitamin b3
  •   Folic acid.

Common Synonyms Of Guava

  •   Botanical Name : Psidium guajava L.
  •   English Name : Guava, Abas, Govavier, Kautonga, Kuahpa
  •   Sanskrit Name : Amratafalam, Perala
  •   Arabic Name : Guwafah
  •   Hindi Name : Amrud
  •   German Name : Guavenbaum
  •   Spanish Name : Guayaba, Guyava, Guayabo, Guayabero, guayabita

Classification of Amrud, Guava

  •   Kingdom Plantae – Plants
  •   Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
  •   Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
  •   Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
  •   Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
  •   Subclass - Rosidae
  •   Order - Myrtales
  •   Family Myrtaceae – Myrtle family
  •   Genus Psidium L. – guava P

Nutrients Present In Guava

Guava fruit is a nutritious and healthful food that is rich in several important nutrients.

According to the United States Department of AgricultureTrusted Source, 100 grams (g) of raw guava fruit contain:

  •   68 calories
  •   14.32 g of carbohydrates
  •   8.92 g of sugars
  •   0.95 g of fat
  •   5.4 g of dietary fiber
  •   417 mg of potassium
  •   228.3 mg of vitamin C
  •   624 international units of vitamin A

Habitat of Amrud, Guava

Guavas are common tropical fruits cultivated and enjoyed in many tropical and subtropical regions. Psidium guajava(common guava, lemon guava) is a small tree in the Myrtle family (Myrtaceae), native to Mexico, Central America, and northern South America.

Common Uses Of Guava And Its Plant Parts For Natural Treatment

  •   Aids in weight-loss as it is high in roughage and rich in vitamins, proteins and minerals. It has no cholesterol and has a low number of digestible carbohydrates.
  •   The high level of dietary fiber in guava helps to regulate the absorption of sugar by the body, which decreases the chances of major spikes and drops in insulin and glucose in the body.
  •   Guavas are agood source for copper, which is an important part of regulating thyroid metabolism by helping to control hormone production and absorption.
  •   Guavas are extremely good sources of vitamin-A, which is well known as a booster for vision health.
  •   Guava is one of the richest sources ofdietary fiber in terms of fruit. Its seeds, if ingested whole or chewed, serve as excellent laxatives. These two properties of guava help the formation of healthy bowel movements, and aid the body in retaining water and thoroughly cleaning your intestines and excretory system.
  •   Guavas contain 5X more vitamin-C than oranges, which are often heralded as the absolute best source of that beneficial vitamin.
  •   The presence ofB3 and B6 vitamins in Guava can increase blood flow and stimulates cognitive function. B6 is a great nutrient for brain and nerve function. Therefore, eating guava can help you increase brain function and sharpen you focus.

Effect on Doshas

It balances all the three Doshas: namely, Vata, Pitta & Kapha.

Bio Energetics of Amrud, Guava

Hindi Sanskrit English
Rasa Kashaya Taste Sweet,Sour,Astringent
Veerya Sheet Potency Cold
Guna Laghu Characteristics Heavy

Side Effects of Amrud, Guava

There are no side effect from eating guavas that are known. However, you should avoid eating too much guava, because it is not healthy to overeat. The rapid increase of fiber in your body could lead to the digestion-related side issues, for example, gas and bloating. So, when you rapidly increase your intake of fiber, you should also increase the intake of fluids. If you have got a condition where you are not recommended to take high amounts of fiber or potassium, you should consult your health provider before the regular consumption of guavas. Also, pregnant women and breastfeeding young mothers should be careful with the amounts of guava they take – there is a chance it results in diarrhea.